If you’re planning to record focus groups and get them transcribed later on, here are some things you may find it useful to consider before starting your recording:
- Check with the participants before the focus group starts that they do not mind being recorded for later transcription. Do this well in advance as if one person objects you may have to abandon the recording.
- Conduct explanations about your research and give background information before switching on the recorder, to save on recording time.
- If you need to have the different speakers identified in the focus group transcription ask each person to introduce him/herself. Just saying their name is not enough. For the transcriber to get a ‘handle’ on the voices, they will need to each say a couple of sentences. Use something linked to your focus group topic. So for example, if your group is about farmers’ experience of vets, ask each farmer to say their name, where they farm and what livestock they keep on the farm.
- Lay down the ground rules to participants before you start e.g. remind them not to talk over each other as this will cause problems for the transcriptionist.
- Use an external microphone (or even more than one) on your recorder. Internal mikes are only suitable for dictation (one voice). Ideally, if you have more than four people, use a series of microphones.
- Record the group in a quiet place. Background noise can drastically reduce the quality of the recording and increase the time taken to transcribe.
- Make sure you use a recorder that has a facility for transferring files to a PC
- Use a file format that is compressed, so that it can be transferred over the internet to your transcriptionist
- Check your recorder is recording before you start the focus group!
- Do not serve food while recording the group as the noises of eating will obscure participants’ speech.
For more detailed information on focus group recording, or to request a quote, please see our focus group page at Penguin Transcription